Roli and Kumkum are two traditional powders used in Hindu and other South Asian cultures to make a Tika or Bindi, a decorative mark worn on the forehead. Roli is a bright red powder made from the dried and powdered leaves of the madder plant, while Kumkum is a deep red powder made from turmeric and slaked lime.
These powders are considered auspicious and are an integral part of many religious and cultural ceremonies, including weddings, festivals, and other celebrations. Applying Roli and Kumkum on the forehead is believed to invoke the blessings of the deity and bring good luck and prosperity.
Roli and Kumkum are often used in combination with other materials such as sandalwood paste, rice grains, and flowers to create intricate designs for the Tika. The Tika may be applied in different shapes and sizes depending on the occasion and the region.
Apart from their religious significance, Roli and Kumkum also have therapeutic properties. They are believed to have cooling and antiseptic properties and are used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various ailments.