Ranga Panchami is a Hindu festival that is celebrated on the fifth day (Panchami Tithi) of the dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha) of the month of Phalguna, which usually falls in March. It marks the end of the Holi celebrations and is also known as Rang Panchami or Basant Panchami.
The word 'Ranga' means 'color' and 'Panchami' means 'the fifth day'. The festival is named so because people play with colors on this day, just like they do on Holi. They throw colored powder (gulal) or splash colored water on each other, using water guns (pichkaris) or balloons. They also sing, dance and enjoy various delicacies.
The festival of Ranga Panchami has different significance in different regions of India. In some places, it is associated with Lord Krishna and his playful antics with his beloved Radha and other gopis (cowherd girls). In some places, it is linked to Lord Shiva and his cosmic dance (Tandava) with Goddess Parvati. In some places, it is connected to Goddess Saraswati and her blessings of knowledge and arts.
Some common beliefs behind celebrating Ranga Panchami are:
- It symbolizes the victory of good over evil, as it commemorates the burning of Holika, a demoness who tried to kill Prahlad, a devotee of Lord Vishnu.
- It represents the arrival of spring season, which brings new life and joy to nature.
- It signifies the harmony and unity among people, who forget their differences and celebrate together.
- It reflects the activation of five elements (earth, water, fire, air and space) through five colors (red, yellow, green, blue and white), which attract different deities.
- It expresses gratitude to God for his creation and protection.
In 2023, Ranga Panchami will be celebrated on Sunday, March 12. Ranga Panchami is a festival of colors and joy that brings happiness and peace to everyone. It is a festival of love and devotion that connects people with God and each other. It is a festival of culture and tradition that preserves our heritage and values.
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